You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your loan payment history to compile a FICO score.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors in calculating a score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. So called "credit repair" companies advertise quick fixes, but the score is based on your lifetime credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your credit score
To raise your score, you must have the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your FICO score? Call us at (303) 650-9400.