How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to just one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following to calculate a score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is one number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers likely find their FICO scores falling between 620 and 800.
Your credit score affects your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Since the credit score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
In order to raise your credit score, you've got to get the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: (303) 650-9400.