FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying loans in order to compile a FICO score.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building your credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While these methods vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following to build your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a huge difference in interest rates
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to know your score and make certain that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that offered the first FICO credit score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Give us a call: (303) 650-9400.