How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Equifax, TransUnion, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment score 620 or above.
Credit scores make a difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. You should, of course, appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report; this is really the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your credit score
To raise your FICO score, you've got to get the credit reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (303) 650-9400.